Review Article
Ib Leth Nielsen
Early treatment of Class II, Div. 1 malocclusion is a much debated approach and some evidenced based studies using a single appliance has concluded that this approach was mostly not worthwhile. This article will discuss the pros and cons of early treatment with functional appliances and present ... read more
Original Article
Esfandiar Akhavan Niaki, Masomeh Esmaily, Yasamin Farajzadeh Jalali
Bonding is the most commonly used technique to attach brackets to tooth surfaces.The aim of this study was to determine the effects of time and concentration of etching with phosphoric acid on shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets after using 10-MDP containing adhesive.Fifty intact premolars were ... read more
Original Article
Sanaz Soheilifar, Mohammad Ali Momeni
According to the close proximity of hyoid bone with dentofacial structures and its muscular attachments, a probable relationship between it and different types of skeletal patterns is suspected.The aim of this study is compare the position of hyoid bone in skeletal class I and class II patients.In ... read more
Original Article
Tahereh Hosseinzadeh Nik, Toktam Jalayer, Amine Beymouri, Atefe Saffar Shahroudi, Armin Eftekhari
Third molar impaction is a major problem facing the dental profession and its impacts on the dentition has long been a major concern. Third molar is the most frequently impacted tooth. The prevalence of mandibular third molar impaction has been reported from 18 to 32 percent which ... read more
Original Article
Amanda Carneiro da Cunha, Mariana Marquezan, Lincoln Issamu Nojima, Eduardo Franzotti Sant’Anna
Orthodontic mini-implants represent one of the most used anchorage systems in daily clinical practice and frequently, these anchorage devices have to be placed between the roots of adjacent teeth reflecting the need to limit its dimensions. Among other factors, it has been suggested that mini-implant’s geometry have ... read more
Original Article
Soghra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Zahra Ebrahimi Nik, Hossein Abedi Ardakani
The aim of this study was to compare the maxillary sinus sizes in patients with maxillary excess and maxillary deficiency.120 cephalometric and panoramic radiographs of 12 - 25 years old patients were studied. These radiographs were derived from patients with maxillary deficiency, normal, or excess. Each group ... read more
Original Article
Giulia Gay, Serena Ravera, Tommaso Castroflorio, Francesco Garino, Giovanni Cugliari, Andrea Deregibus
Existing literature indicates that orthodontics patients are more likely to have severe apical root shortening, interesting mostly maxillary, followed by mandibular incisors.The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence and severity of root resorption (RR) in mandibular incisors of adult patients treated with aligners.The ... read more
Case Report
Soodeh Tahmasbi, Sattar Kabiri, Elham Mohammad Rabei
Tooth eruption is a complex procedure and many theories has been proposed to describe the nature of this process. Some studies, have shown that in contrast to traditional thoughts, root development is not necessary for tooth eruption and have been focused on the role of dental follicle. ... read more

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