Iranian Journal of Orthodontics

Published by: Kowsar

Evaluation of Etching Time and Concentration on Shear Bond Strength of Metallic Brackets Using a 10-MDP Containing Adhesive

Esfandiar Akhavan Niaki 1 , Masomeh Esmaily 2 , * and Yasamin Farajzadeh Jalali 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthodontics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Orthodontics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khoramabad, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Orthodontics: March 2017, 12 (1); e6362
  • Published Online: July 12, 2016
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: April 12, 2016
  • Accepted: May 30, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijo.6362

To Cite: Akhavan Niaki E, Esmaily M, Farajzadeh Jalali Y. Evaluation of Etching Time and Concentration on Shear Bond Strength of Metallic Brackets Using a 10-MDP Containing Adhesive, Iran J Ortho. 2017 ; 12(1):e6362. doi: 10.5812/ijo.6362.

Copyright © 2016, Iranian Journal of Orthodontics. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Buonocore MG. A simple method of increasing the adhesion of acrylic filling materials to enamel surfaces. J Dent Res. 1955; 34(6): 849-53[PubMed]
  • 2. Barkmeier WW, Shaffer SE, Gwinnett AJ. Effects of 15 vs 60 second enamel acid conditioning on adhesion and morphology. Oper Dent. 1986; 11(3): 111-6[PubMed]
  • 3. Isman E, Karaarslan ES, Oksayan R, Tuncdemir AR, Usumez S, Adanir N, et al. Inadequate shear bond strengths of self-etch, self-adhesive systems for secure orthodontic bonding. Dent Mater J. 2012; 31(6): 947-53[PubMed]
  • 4. van Waveren Hogervorst WL, Feilzer AJ, Prahl-Andersen B. The air-abrasion technique versus the conventional acid-etching technique: A quantification of surface enamel loss and a comparison of shear bond strength. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2000; 117: 20-6
  • 5. Chen CS, Hsu ML, Chang KD, Kuang SH, Chen PT, Gung YW. Failure analysis: enamel fracture after debonding orthodontic brackets. Angle Orthod. 2008; 78(6): 1071-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Sudjalim TR, Woods MG, Manton DJ. Prevention of white spot lesions in orthodontic practice: a contemporary review. Aust Dent J. 2006; 51(4): 284-9[PubMed]
  • 7. Stecksen-Blicks C, Renfors G, Oscarson ND, Bergstrand F, Twetman S. Caries-preventive effectiveness of a fluoride varnish: a randomized controlled trial in adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances. Caries Res. 2007; 41(6): 455-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Gorton J, Featherstone JD. In vivo inhibition of demineralization around orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003; 123(1): 10-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Uysal T, Yagci A, Uysal B, Akdogan G. Are nano-composites and nano-ionomers suitable for orthodontic bracket bonding? Eur J Orthod. 2010; 32(1): 78-82[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Powers JM, Kim HB, Turner DS. Orthodontic adhesives and bond strength testing. Semin Orthod. 1997; 3(3): 147-56[PubMed]
  • 11. Knoll M, Gwinnett AJ, Wolff MS. Shear strength of brackets bonded to anterior and posterior teeth. Am J Orthod. 1986; 89(6): 476-9[PubMed]
  • 12. Van Landuyt KL, Snauwaert J, De Munck J, Peumans M, Yoshida Y, Poitevin A, et al. Systematic review of the chemical composition of contemporary dental adhesives. Biomaterials. 2007; 28(26): 3757-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Tay FR, King NM, Chan KM, Pashley DH. How can nanoleakage occur in self-etching adhesive systems that demineralize and infiltrate simultaneously? J Adhes Dent. 2002; 4(4): 255-69[PubMed]
  • 14. Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J, Yoshida Y, Inoue S, Vargas M, Vijay P, et al. Buonocore memorial lecture. Adhesion to enamel and dentin: current status and future challenges. Oper Dent. 2003; 28(3): 215-35[PubMed]
  • 15. Reis AF, Giannini M, Pereira PN. Long-term TEM analysis of the nanoleakage patterns in resin-dentin interfaces produced by different bonding strategies. Dent Mater. 2007; 23(9): 1164-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Van Meerbeek B, Yoshihara K, Yoshida Y, Mine A, De Munck J, Van Landuyt KL. State of the art of self-etch adhesives. Dent Mater. 2011; 27(1): 17-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Chigira H, Yukitani W, Hasegawa T, Manabe A, Itoh K, Hayakawa T, et al. Self-etching dentin primers containing phenyl-P. J Dent Res. 1994; 73(5): 1088-95[PubMed]
  • 18. Watanabe I, Nakabayashi N, Pashley DH. Bonding to ground dentin by a phenyl-P self-etching primer. J Dent Res. 1994; 73(6): 1212-20[PubMed]
  • 19. Tay FR, Pashley DH. Have dentin adhesives become too hydrophilic? J Can Dent Assoc. 2003; 69(11): 726-31[PubMed]
  • 20. De Munck J, Van Landuyt K, Peumans M, Poitevin A, Lambrechts P, Braem M, et al. A critical review of the durability of adhesion to tooth tissue: methods and results. J Dent Res. 2005; 84(2): 118-32[PubMed]
  • 21. Yoshida Y, Nagakane K, Fukuda R, Nakayama Y, Okazaki M, Shintani H, et al. Comparative study on adhesive performance of functional monomers. J Dent Res. 2004; 83(6): 454-8[PubMed]
  • 22. Shinohara MS, de Oliveira MT, Di Hipolito V, Giannini M, de Goes MF. SEM analysis of the acid-etched enamel patterns promoted by acidic monomers and phosphoric acids. J Appl Oral Sci. 2006; 14(6): 427-35[PubMed]
  • 23. Luhrs AK, Guhr S, Schilke R, Borchers L, Geurtsen W, Gunay H. Shear bond strength of self-etch adhesives to enamel with additional phosphoric acid etching. Oper Dent. 2008; 33(2): 155-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Erickson RL, Barkmeier WW, Kimmes NS. Bond strength of self-etch adhesives to pre-etched enamel. Dent Mater. 2009; 25(10): 1187-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Devarasa GM, Subba Reddy VV, Chaitra NL, Swarna YM. Self-etching adhesive on intact enamel, with and without pre-etching. Microsc Res Tech. 2012; 75(5): 650-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Yoshihara K, Yoshida Y, Hayakawa S, Nagaoka N, Irie M, Ogawa T, et al. Nanolayering of phosphoric acid ester monomer on enamel and dentin. Acta Biomater. 2011; 7(8): 3187-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Katona TR. A comparison of the stresses developed in tension, shear peel, and torsion strength testing of direct bonded orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1997; 112(3): 244-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Katona TR, Long RW. Effect of loading mode on bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with 2 systems. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2006; 129(1): 60-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Bishara SE, Ajlouni R, Laffoon JF. Effect of thermocycling on the shear bond strength of a cyanoacrylate orthodontic adhesive. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003; 123(1): 21-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Bishara SE, Ostby AW, Laffoon JF, Warren J. Shear bond strength comparison of two adhesive systems following thermocycling. A new self-etch primer and a resin-modified glass ionomer. Angle Orthod. 2007; 77(2): 337-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Mardaga WJ, Shannon IL. Decreasing the depth of etch for direct bonding in orthodontics. J Clin Orthod. 1982; 16(2): 130-2[PubMed]
  • 32. Beech DR, Jalaly T. Bonding of polymers to enamel: influence of deposits formed during etching, etching time and period of water immersion. J Dent Res. 1980; 59(7): 1156-62[PubMed]
  • 33. Gottlieb EW, Retief DH, Jamison HC. An optimal concentration of phosphoric acid as an etching agent. Part I: Tensile bond strength studies. J Prosthet Dent. 1982; 48(1): 48-51[PubMed]
  • 34. Barkmeier WW, Gwinnett AJ, Shaffer SE. Effects of reduced acid concentration and etching time on bond strength and enamel morphology. J Clin Orthod. 1987; 21(6): 395-8[PubMed]
  • 35. Osawa T. Studies on solubility and adhesion of the enamel in pre-treatment for caries preventive sealing. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 1972; 13(1): 65-82[PubMed]
  • 36. Chow LC, Brown WE. Phosphoric acid conditioning of teeth for pit and fissure sealants. J Dent Res. 1973; 52(5): 1158[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments