Iranian Journal of Orthodontics

Published by: Kowsar

Comparison of Torquing Ability of 0.019” × 0.025” Nickel Titanium and Fiber Composite Archwires: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

Jasneet Singh 1 , Gurkeerat Singh 1 , * , Sridhar Kannan 1 , Deepak Rai 1 , Ashish Gupta 1 , Gaurav Gupta 1 and Raj Kumar Singh 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthodontics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Orthodontics: September 2016, 11 (2); e5967
  • Published Online: July 23, 2016
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: March 10, 2016
  • Accepted: April 23, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijo-5967

To Cite: Singh J, Singh G, Kannan S, Rai D, Gupta A, et al. Comparison of Torquing Ability of 0.019” × 0.025” Nickel Titanium and Fiber Composite Archwires: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study, Iran J Ortho. 2016 ; 11(2):e5967. doi: 10.17795/ijo-5967.

Copyright © 2016, Iranian Journal of Orthodontics. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Scott GJ. Fracture toughness and surface cracks--the key to understanding ceramic brackets. Angle Orthod. 1988; 58(1): 5-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Russell JS. Aesthetic orthodontic brackets. J Orthod. 2005; 32(2): 146-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Kusy RP. A review of contemporary archwires: their properties and characteristics. Angle Orthod. 1997; 67(3): 197-207[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Burstone CJ, Liebler SA, Goldberg AJ. Polyphenylene polymers as esthetic orthodontic archwires. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139(4 Suppl): 391-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Jerrold L, Chudasma D. Clinical trial to evaluate the Biomers translucent arch wire in orthodontic treatment 2014;
  • 6. Zufall SW, Kusy RP. Sliding mechanics of coated composite wires and the development of an engineering model for binding. Angle Orthod. 2000; 70(1): 34-47[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Burstone CJ. Variable-modulus orthodontics. Am J Orthod. 1981; 80(1): 1-16[PubMed]
  • 8. Prystowsky SD, Allen AM, Smith RW, Nonomura JH, Odom RB, Akers WA. Allergic contact hypersensitivity to nickel, neomycin, ethylenediamine, and benzocaine. Relationships between age, sex, history of exposure, and reactivity to standard patch tests and use tests in a general population. Arch Dermatol. 1979; 115(8): 959-62[PubMed]
  • 9. Jones TK, Hansen CA, Singer MT, Kessler HP. Dental implications of nickel hypersensitivity. J Prosthet Dent. 1986; 56(4): 507-9[PubMed]
  • 10. Al-Waheidi EM. Allergic reaction to nickel orthodontic wires: a case report. Quintessence Int. 1995; 26(6): 385-7[PubMed]
  • 11. Lee BW. The force requirements for tooth movement. Part II: Uprighting and root torque. Aust Orthod J. 1995; 14(1): 34-9[PubMed]
  • 12. Morina E, Eliades T, Pandis N, Jager A, Bourauel C. Torque expression of self-ligating brackets compared with conventional metallic, ceramic, and plastic brackets. Eur J Orthod. 2008; 30(3): 233-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Odegaard J, Meling T, Meling E. An evaluation of the torsional moments developed in orthodontic applications. An in vitro study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1994; 105(4): 392-400[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Gioka C, Eliades T. Materials-induced variation in the torque expression of preadjusted appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004; 125(3): 323-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Meling TM, Odegaard J. On the variability of cross-sectional dimensions and torsional properties of rectangular nickel-titanium arch wires. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1998; 113: 546-57
  • 16. Siatkowski RE. Loss of anterior torque control due to variations in bracket slot and archwire dimensions. J Clin Orthod. 1999; 33(9): 508-10[PubMed]
  • 17. Broadbent JM. Patient-specific treatment with variable torque straight-wire. Funct Orthod. 2003; 20(1-2): 4-30[PubMed]
  • 18. Sebanc J, Brantley WA, Pincsak JJ, Conover JP. Variability of effective root torque as a function of edge bevel on orthodontic arch wires. Am J Orthod. 1984; 86(1): 43-51[PubMed]
  • 19. Meling TR, Odegaard J, Meling EO. On mechanical properties of square and rectangular stainless steel wires tested in torsion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1997; 111(3): 310-20[PubMed]
  • 20. Hixson ME, Brantley WA, Pincsak JJ, Conover JP. Changes in bracket slot tolerance following recycling of direct-bond metallic orthodontic appliances. Am J Orthod. 1982; 81(6): 447-54[PubMed]
  • 21. Flores DA, Choi LK, Caruso JM, Tomlinson JL, Scott GE, Jeiroudi MT. Deformation of metal brackets: a comparative study. Angle Orthod. 1994; 64(4): 283-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Engel RA, Nikolai RJ. On torque transmission through edgewise orthodontic brackets [abstract]. J Dent Res. 1986; 65: 195
  • 23. Balut N, Klapper L, Sandrik J, Bowman D. Variations in bracket placement in the preadjusted orthodontic appliance. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1992; 102(1): 62-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Gurgel JA, Kerr S, Powers JM, Pinzan A. Torsional properties of commercial nickel-titanium wires during activation and deactivation. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001; 120: 76-9
  • 25. Isaacson RJ, Lindauer SJ, Rubenstein LK. Moments with the edgewise appliance: incisor torque control. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1993; 103(5): 428-38[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Germane N, Bentley BJ, Isaacson RJ. Three biologic variables modifying faciolingual tooth angulation by straight-wire appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1989; 96(4): 312-9[PubMed]
  • 27. Miethke RR, Melsen B. Effect of variation in tooth morphology and bracket position on first and third order correction with preadjusted appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999; 116(3): 329-35[PubMed]
  • 28. Dellinger EL. A scientific assessment of the straight-wire appliance. Am J Orthod. 1978; 73(3): 290-9[PubMed]
  • 29. Creekmore TD. Dr. Thomas D. Creekmore on torque. J Clin Orthod. 1979; 13(5): 305-10[PubMed]
  • 30. Vardimon AD, Lambertz W. Statistical evaluation of torque angles in reference to straight-wire appliance (SWA) theories. Am J Orthod. 1986; 89(1): 56-66[PubMed]
  • 31. Badawi HM, Toogood RW, Carey JP, Heo G, Major PW. Torque expression of self-ligating brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 133(5): 721-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Archambault A, Major TW, Carey JP, Heo G, Badawi H, Major PW. A comparison of torque expression between stainless steel, titanium molybdenum alloy, and copper nickel titanium wires in metallic self-ligating brackets. Angle Orthod. 2010; 80(5): 884-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Archambault A, Lacoursiere R, Badawi H, Major PW, Carey J, Flores-Mir C. Torque expression in stainless steel orthodontic brackets. A systematic review. Angle Orthod. 2010; 80(1): 201-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Major TW, Carey JP, Nobes DS, Heo G, Major PW. Mechanical effects of third-order movement in self-ligated brackets by the measurement of torque expression. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139(1): 31-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. White S, Pharaoh M. Oral radiology: principles and interpretation. 2004;
  • 36. Sukovic P. Cone beam computed tomography in craniofacial imaging. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2003; 6 Suppl 1: 31-6[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments