Iranian Journal of Orthodontics

Published by: Kowsar

The Frequency of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) in Boxers, With Membership Record in National Team of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mohammad R. Jamalpour 1 , Mohammad Moslem Imani 2 , * , Atefe Saffar Shahroudi 3 and Sina Oladzadeh 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
2 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR Iran
3 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IR Iran
4 Dentist, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Orthodontics: December 30, 2015, 10 (2); e5033
  • Published Online: December 29, 2015
  • Article Type: In Brief
  • Received: December 13, 2015
  • Accepted: December 16, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijo-5033

To Cite: Jamalpour M R, Imani M M, Saffar Shahroudi A, Oladzadeh S. The Frequency of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) in Boxers, With Membership Record in National Team of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran J Ortho. 2015 ; 10(2):e5033. doi: 10.17795/ijo-5033.

Copyright © 2015, Iranian Journal of Orthodontics. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Okeson JP. Management of temporomandibular disorders and occlusion. 2003;
  • 2. Moore KL. Clinically oriented anatomy. 1985;
  • 3. Bakland LK, Christiansen EL, Strutz JM. Frequency of dental and traumatic events in the etiology of temporomandibular disorders. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1988; 4(4): 182-5[PubMed]
  • 4. Gorgu M, Deren O, Sakman B, Ciliz D, Erdogan B. Prospective comparative study of the range of movement of temporomandibular joints after mandibular fractures: rigid or non-rigid fixation. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg. 2002; 36(6): 356-61[PubMed]
  • 5. Yun PY, Kim YK. The role of facial trauma as a possible etiologic factor in temporomandibular joint disorder. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005; 63(11): 1576-83[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Mesgarzadeh AH, Shahamfar M, Azar SF, Shahamfar J. Analysis of the pattern of maxillofacial fractures in north western of Iran: A retrospective study. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2011; 4(1): 48-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Carvalho TB, Cancian LR, Marques CG, Piatto VB, Maniglia JV, Molina FD. Six years of facial trauma care: an epidemiological analysis of 355 cases. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2010; 76(5): 565-74[PubMed]
  • 8. Shirani G, Kalantar Motamedi MH, Ashuri A, Eshkevari PS. Prevalence and patterns of combat sport related maxillofacial injuries. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2010; 3(4): 314-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Flanders RA, Bhat M. The incidence of orofacial injuries in sports: a pilot study in Illinois. J Am Dent Assoc. 1995; 126(4): 491-6[PubMed]
  • 10. Emshoff R, Schoning H, Rothler G, Waldhart E. Trends in the incidence and cause of sport-related mandibular fractures: a retrospective analysis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1997; 55(6): 585-92[PubMed]
  • 11. Gassner R, Tuli T, Hachl O, Moreira R, Ulmer H. Craniomaxillofacial trauma in children: a review of 3,385 cases with 6,060 injuries in 10 years. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004; 62(4): 399-407[PubMed]
  • 12. Gassner R, Tuli T, Hachl O, Rudisch A, Ulmer H. Cranio-maxillofacial trauma: a 10 year review of 9,543 cases with 21,067 injuries. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2003; 31(1): 51-61[PubMed]
  • 13. Tuli T, Hachl O, Hohlrieder M, Grubwieser G, Gassner R. Dentofacial trauma in sport accidents. Gen Dent. 2002; 50(3): 274-9[PubMed]
  • 14. Mahmood S, Keith DJ, Lello GE. Current practice of British oral and maxillofacial surgeons: advice regarding length of time to refrain from contact sports after treatment of zygomatic fractures. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002; 40(6): 488-90[PubMed]
  • 15. Smith WS, Kracher CM. Sports-related dental injuries and sports dentistry. Dent Assist. 1998; 67(3): 12-6-46[PubMed]
  • 16. Raustia AM, Pyhtinen J, Oikarinen KS, Altonen M. Conventional radiographic and computed tomographic findings in cases of fracture of the mandibular condylar process. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1990; 48(12): 1258-62[PubMed]
  • 17. Chapman PJ. Mouthguards and the role of sporting team dentists. Aust Dent J. 1989; 34(1): 36-43[PubMed]
  • 18. Parker MW. A dynamic model of etiology in temporomandibular disorders. J Am Dent Assoc. 1990; 120(3): 283-90[PubMed]
  • 19. Sailors ME. Evaluation of sports-related temporomandibular dysfunctions. J Athl Train. 1996; 31(4): 346-50[PubMed]
  • 20. Muhtarogullari M, Demiralp B, Ertan A. Non-surgical treatment of sports-related temporomandibular joint disorders in basketball players. Dent Traumatol. 2004; 20(6): 338-43[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments