Iranian Journal of Orthodontics

Published by: Kowsar

Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Approaches of Hemifacial Microsomia: A Review

Tahereh Hosseinzadeh Nik 1 and Fatemeh Gorjizadeh 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthodontics and Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Orthodontic Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Orthodontics: June 30, 2015, 10 (1); e4994
  • Published Online: June 13, 2015
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: May 1, 2015
  • Accepted: June 12, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijo.4994

To Cite: Hosseinzadeh Nik T, Gorjizadeh F. Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Approaches of Hemifacial Microsomia: A Review, Iran J Ortho. 2015 ; 10(1):e4994. doi: 10.17795/ijo.4994.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Iranian Journal of Orthodontics.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Grading of HFM
3. Differential Diagnosis of HFM
4. Treatment Approaches for Different Grades of HFM
5. Treatment Plan of Patients With Severe Grade Two
6. Treatment Plan of Patients With Grade Three
7. Conclusions
References
  • 1. Monahan R, Seder K, Patel P, Alder M, Grud S, O'Gara M. Hemifacial microsomia. Etiology, diagnosis and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001; 132(10): 1402-8[PubMed]
  • 2. Mccarthy JG, Grayson B, Coccaro P, Wood-Smith D. Craniofacial microsomia. Plast. Surg. 1990; 4: 3054-100
  • 3. Wang RR, Andres CJ. Hemifacial microsomia and treatment options for auricular replacement: A review of the literature. J Prosthet Dent. 1999; 82(2): 197-204[PubMed]
  • 4. Cousley RR, Calvert ML. Current concepts in the understanding and management of hemifacial microsomia. Br J Plast Surg. 1997; 50(7): 536-51[PubMed]
  • 5. Gorlin RJ, Cohen MM, Hennekam RC, Raoul CM. Syndromes of the Head and Neck. 2001;
  • 6. Nagy K, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Mommaerts MY. No evidence for long-term effectiveness of early osteodistraction in hemifacial microsomia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009; 124(6): 2061-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Keogh IJ, Troulis MJ, Monroy AA, Eavey RD, Kaban LB. Isolated microtia as a marker for unsuspected hemifacial microsomia. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007; 133(10): 997-1001[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Poswillo D. Otomandibular deformity: pathogenesis as a guide to reconstruction. J Maxillofac Surg. 1974; 2(2-3): 64-72[PubMed]
  • 9. Johnston MC, Bronsky PT. Animal models for human craniofacial malformations. J. Craniofacial Genet. Dev. Biol. 1990; 11(4): 277-91
  • 10. Thomas IT, Frias JL. The heart in selected congenital malformations. A lesson in pathogenetic relationships. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1987; 17(4): 207-10[PubMed]
  • 11. Proffit WR, White RP, Sarver DM. Contemporary treatment of dentofacial deformity. 2003;
  • 12. Johnston MC, Bronsky PT. Prenatal craniofacial development: new insights on normal and abnormal mechanisms. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 1995; 6(4): 368-422[PubMed]
  • 13. Meazzini MC, Brusati R, Diner P, Gianni E, Lalatta F, Magri AS, et al. The importance of a differential diagnosis between true hemifacial microsomia and pseudo-hemifacial microsomia in the post-surgical long-term prognosis. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2011; 39(1): 10-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Meazzini MC, Brusati R, Caprioglio A, Diner P, Garattini G, Gianni E, et al. True hemifacial microsomia and hemimandibular hypoplasia with condylar-coronoid collapse: diagnostic and prognostic differences. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139(5)-47[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Lawson K, Waterhouse N, Gault DT, Calvert ML, Botma M, Ng R. Is hemifacial microsomia linked to multiple maternities? Br J Plast Surg. 2002; 55(6): 474-8[PubMed]
  • 16. Cousley R, Naora H, Yokoyama M, Kimura M, Otani H. Validity of the Hfm transgenic mouse as a model for hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2002; 39(1): 81-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Dabir TA, Morrison PJ. Trisomy 10p with clinical features of facio-auriculo-vertebral spectrum: a case report. Clin Dysmorphol. 2006; 15(1): 25-7[PubMed]
  • 18. Converse JM, Coccaro PJ, Becker M, Wood-Smith D. On hemifacial microsomia. The first and second branchial arch syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1973; 51(3): 268-79[PubMed]
  • 19. Taysi K, Marsh JL, Wise DM. Familial hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate J. 1983; 20(1): 47-53[PubMed]
  • 20. Mulliken JB, Ferraro NF, Vento AR. A retrospective analysis of growth of the constructed condyle-ramus in children with hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate J. 1989; 26(4): 312-7[PubMed]
  • 21. Kaban LB, Moses MH, Mulliken JB. Surgical correction of hemifacial microsomia in the growing child. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1988; 82(1): 9-19[PubMed]
  • 22. Converse JM, Wood-Smith D, McCarthy JG, Coccaro PJ, Becker MH. Bilateral facial microsomia. Diagnosis, classification, treatment. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1974; 54(4): 413-23[PubMed]
  • 23. Proffit WR, Fields Jr HW, Sarver DM. Contemporary orthodontics. 2014;
  • 24. Bishara SE, Burkey PS, Kharouf JG. Dental and facial asymmetries: a review. Angle Orthod. 1994; 64(2): 89-98[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Miller TD, Metry D. Multiple accessory tragi as a clue to the diagnosis of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral (Goldenhar) syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004; 50(2 Suppl)-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Tasse C, Bohringer S, Fischer S, Ludecke HJ, Albrecht B, Horn D, et al. Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS): clinical evaluation and severity scoring of 53 patients and proposal for a new classification. Eur J Med Genet. 2005; 48(4): 397-411[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Martelli HJ, Miranda RT, Fernandes CM, Bonan PR, Paranaiba LM, Graner E, et al. Goldenhar syndrome: clinical features with orofacial emphasis. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010; 18(6): 646-9[PubMed]
  • 28. Obwegeser HL, Makek MS. Hemimandibular hyperplasia-hemimandibular elongation. Journal of maxillofacial surgery. 1986; 14: 183-208
  • 29. Nitzan DW, Katsnelson A, Bermanis I, Brin I, Casap N. The clinical characteristics of condylar hyperplasia: experience with 61 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008; 66(2): 312-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Larheim TA, Haanaes HR. Micrognathia, temporomandibular joint changes and dental occlusion in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis of adolescents and adults. European Journal of Oral Sciences. 1981; 89(4): 329-38
  • 31. Mazzeo N, Fisher JG, Mayer MH, Mathieu GP. Progressive hemifacial atrophy (Parry-Romberg syndrome). Case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1995; 79(1): 30-5[PubMed]
  • 32. McDonald MT, Gorski JL. Nager acrofacial dysostosis. J Med Genet. 1993; 30(9): 779-82[PubMed]
  • 33. Halal F, Herrmann J, Pallister PD, Opitz JM, Desgranges MF, Grenier G. Differential diagnosis of Nager acrofacial dysostosis syndrome: report of four patients with Nager syndrome and discussion of other related syndromes. Am J Med Genet. 1983; 14(2): 209-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Miller M, Fineman R, Smith DW. Postaxial acrofacial dysostosis syndrome. The Journal of pediatrics. 1979; 95(6): 970-5
  • 35. Rollnick BR, Kaye CI. Hemifacial microsomia and the branchio-oto-renal syndrome. J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol Suppl. 1985; 1: 287-95[PubMed]
  • 36. Kaplan RG. Induced condylar growth in a patient with hemifacial microsomia. Angle Orthod. 1989; 59(2): 85-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Sidiropoulou S, Antoniades K, Kolokithas G. Orthopedically induced condylar growth in a patient with hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2003; 40(6): 645-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Ohtani J, Hoffman WY, Vargervik K, Oberoi S. Team management and treatment outcomes for patients with hemifacial microsomia. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2012; 141(4 Suppl)-81[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Kahnberg KE. Correction of maxillofacial asymmetry using orthognathic surgical methods. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 1997; 25(5): 254-60
  • 40. McCarthy JG, Schreiber J, Karp N, Thorne CH, Grayson BH. Lengthening the human mandible by gradual distraction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992; 89(1): 1-8[PubMed]
  • 41. Mommaerts MY, Nagy K. Is early osteodistraction a solution for the ascending ramus compartment in hemifacial microsomia? A literature study. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2002; 30(4): 201-7[PubMed]
  • 42. Meazzini MC, Mazzoleni F, Bozzetti A, Brusati R. Comparison of mandibular vertical growth in hemifacial microsomia patients treated with early distraction or not treated: follow up till the completion of growth. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012; 40(2): 105-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 43. Iseri H, Kisnisci R, Altug-Atac AT. Ten-year follow-up of a patient with hemifacial microsomia treated with distraction osteogenesis and orthodontics: an implant analysis. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 134(2): 296-304[DOI][PubMed]
  • 44. Meazzini MC, Caprioglio A, Garattini G, Lenatti L, Poggio CE. Hemandibular hypoplasia successfully treated with functional appliances: is it truly hemifacial microsomia? Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2008; 45(1): 50-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 45. Silvestri A, Natali G, Iannetti G. Functional therapy in hemifacial microsomia: therapeutic protocol for growing children. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1996; 54(3): 271-8[PubMed]
  • 46. Surgical/orthodontic treatment of mandibular asymmetries. 2009;
  • 47. Ross RB. Costochondral grafts replacing the mandibular condyle. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1999; 36(4): 334-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 48. Munro IR, Phillips JH, Griffin G. Growth after construction of the temporomandibular joint in children with hemifacial microsomia. Cleft Palate J. 1989; 26(4): 303-11[PubMed]
  • 49. Craniofacial microsomia. Seminars in plastic surgery. 2012;
  • 50. Padwa BL, Mulliken JB, Maghen A, Kaban LB. Midfacial growth after costochondral graft construction of the mandibular ramus in hemifacial microsomia. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1998; 56(2): 122-7[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments