Iranian Journal of Orthodontics

Published by: Kowsar

Comparison of Two Different Retention Techniques on Re-Opening of Extraction Space at Different Intervals During the Retention Phase in Fixed Orthodontic Patients

Aydin Sohrabi 1 , Ali Rafighi 1 , Seyed Hossein Moslemzadeh 1 , Saeid Foroughi Moghaddam 1 and Farzaneh Rasouli 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthodontics, Dentistry School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Journal of Orthodontics: December 28, 2014, 9 (3); e4854
  • Published Online: December 30, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 30, 2014
  • Accepted: December 10, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/ijo-3747

To Cite: Sohrabi A, Rafighi A, Moslemzadeh S H, Foroughi Moghaddam S, Rasouli F. Comparison of Two Different Retention Techniques on Re-Opening of Extraction Space at Different Intervals During the Retention Phase in Fixed Orthodontic Patients, Iran J Ortho. 2014 ; 9(3):e4854. doi: 10.17795/ijo-3747.

Copyright © 2014, Iranian Journal of Orthodontics.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Mai W, He J, Meng H, Jiang Y, Huang C, Li M, et al. Comparison of vacuum-formed and Hawley retainers: a systematic review. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2014; 145(6): 720-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Reddy RMS, Suma S, Chandrashekar BR, Chaukse A. Retention Appliances–A Review. Int J Dent Clin. 2010; 2(3): 31-6
  • 3. Hoybjerg AJ, Currier GF, Kadioglu O. Evaluation of 3 retention protocols using the American Board of Orthodontics cast and radiograph evaluation. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2013; 144(1): 16-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Pandis N, Vlahopoulos K, Madianos P, Eliades T. Long-term periodontal status of patients with mandibular lingual fixed retention. Eur J Orthod. 2007; 29(5): 471-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Bondemark L, Holm AK, Hansen K, Axelsson S, Mohlin B, Brattstrom V, et al. Long-term stability of orthodontic treatment and patient satisfaction. A systematic review. Angle Orthod. 2007; 77(1): 181-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Knierim RW. Invisible lower cuspid to cuspid retainer. Angle Orthod. 1973; 43(2): 218-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Katsaros C, Livas C, Renkema AM. Unexpected complications of bonded mandibular lingual retainers. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2007; 132(6): 838-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Dahl EH, Zachrisson BU. Long-term experience with direct-bonded lingual retainers. J Clin Orthod. 1991; 25(10): 619-30[PubMed]
  • 9. Artun J. Caries and periodontal reactions associated with long-term use of different types of bonded lingual retainers. Am J Orthod. 1984; 86(2): 112-8[PubMed]
  • 10. Artun J, Spadafora AT, Shapiro PA. A 3-year follow-up study of various types of orthodontic canine-to-canine retainers. Eur J Orthod. 1997; 19(5): 501-9[PubMed]
  • 11. Booth FA, Edelman JM, Proffit WR. Twenty-year follow-up of patients with permanently bonded mandibular canine-to-canine retainers. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 133(1): 70-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Renkema AM, Al-Assad S, Bronkhorst E, Weindel S, Katsaros C, Lisson JA. Effectiveness of lingual retainers bonded to the canines in preventing mandibular incisor relapse. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 134(2): 179. e1-8
  • 13. Proffit WR, Fields HW. Contemporary orthodontics. 2013; : 615
  • 14. Little RM, Riedel RA, Artun J. An evaluation of changes in mandibular anterior alignment from 10 to 20 years postretention. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1988; 93(5): 423-8[DOI]
  • 15. Sinclair PM, Little RM. Maturation of untreated normal occlusions. Am J Orthod. 1983; 83(2): 114-23[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments